The keto diet, also known as the ketogenic diet, is the latest trend in diet. Many articles extol the effects of this diet. Serious Keto We spoke to a nutritionist, Dr Alexandra Dalu, nutrition specialist.
What is the keto diet?
Keto diet, ketogenic diet, keto diet … This diet sold as slimming has several names. The basic idea of this diet? More fat and less sugar . The rules are simple: 50g of carbohydrates per day, lots of protein, vegetables and good fat. We especially avoid sugar. Before embarking on this kind of diet, it is always a good idea to consult your doctor to check that there are no contraindications preventing you from switching to keto.
Not all fats are good for you. Dieticians recommend choosing omega-3s found in certain fatty fish such as mackerel and salmon. Or in nuts, eggs or coconut oil. Cheese up to 100g per day is also authorized. Sugar is on the other hand banned, we say goodbye to very sweet fruit juices, candies, alcohol, cookies and other pastries. Fortunately, chocolate is allowed ! (phew).
If a craving for sugar is really felt, fruit is allowed, as well as Greek yogurts with nuts, but only during meals. If you are an athlete, you add a meal and eat them during afternoon tea.
Does it Really Make You Lose Weight?
According to Dr. Alexandra Dalu, an anti-aging and nutrition specialist, author of Long live the ketogenic diet published by Leduc.s: ” We can only be delighted as a scientist that we are going towards good fats, vegetable oils and legumes “.
But for the Paris V graduate, talking about a diet is a bit of an exaggeration: ” Keto is not a weight loss diet .Serious Keto If you were on a Mediterranean diet, don’t lose weight and switch to keto. It is better to consult a doctor, because the reasons for the lack of weight loss could be hormonal for example “.
What is the difference between the keto diet and the paleo diet?
According to the specialist … These two diets are more or less the same thing. The keto diet, would therefore be the paleo diet , brought up to date!
Be Careful not to go to Extremes
The keto diet is good for health, limiting sugars ” which are a risk factor for diabetes and cardiovascular disease ” says Dr Alexandra Dalu, can only be beneficial for health. But be careful not to over consume fat and end up on a high calorie diet ! “You don’t have to say to yourself, I’ll add coconut oil and bacon everywhere. If you need 2000 calories a day, it’s with protein, vegetables, and a little good fat. “. We have been warned!
The ketogenic diet, which involves eliminating almost all carbohydrates from your diet in favor of fatty foods and protein, would be beneficial for the metabolism in the short term but, beyond a week, could then become dangerous for your health.
The ketogenic diet of eliminating almost all carbohydrates from your diet, especially starches, in favor of fatty foods and protein , is very controversial. Some studies have shown that it helps control epilepsy, protect against the flu and slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease , while others have denounced very serious side effects such as worsening of problems. cardiovascular health, a heavy liver, headache, nausea, fatigue, constipation (due to lack of fiber) or kidney stones (due to the lack of vitamins, minerals and electrolytes). According to new work published on January 20 in the journal Nature Metabolism , if it causes many positive effects on health in the short term, beyond a week its influence would become negative, even dangerous.
To come to this conclusion, researchers at Yale University (United States) administered this diet to mice. The first few days, they noticed positive effects on the organism of animals.
However, after the first week passed, the mice began to consume more fat than they burned and therefore to store it. Indeed, “ their protective gammadelta T lymphocytes were lost in the fat,” notes Vishwa Deep Dixit. The mice then began to develop type 2 diabetes and obesity.
Long-term clinical studies must now be conducted in humans to validate these results. “Before such a diet can be prescribed, it is important to perform a large clinical trial under controlled conditions to understand the mechanism of the metabolic and immunological benefits, as well as the possible harm it could do to overweight and prediabetic people. ”Warns Vishwa Deep Dixit, while in the past, a study recommended that patients with type 2 diabetes follow this diet (under the supervision of a doctor)
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